Fragments from the Promemory presented to the League of Nations by
Dom Gjon Bisaku, Dom Shtjefėn Kurti and Dom Luigj Gashi, in 1930
1) Emigration as the result of persecutions
Before the Serbian occupation, emigration was completely unknown to the Albanian
population, that had lived in the regions that now are under the Yugoslav regime. It is
true that workers migrated to some places around, but never with their families. The
reasons for emigrations in mass, that have been evidenced since 1912, are undoubtedly all
kinds of persecutions perpetrated to this misery mass to make their lives impossible and
force them to abandon their own hearths.
2. Means used for expulsion
The means used by the Yugoslav regime to force the Albanian mass to abandon the country
are numerous. Threats to their lives, freedom limits in all the fields of human activity,
expropriation without compensation, intervention into their houses, raids, frequent
imprisoning without sufficient reason, banning schools in their mother tongue and
expression of their national and other feelings differently from those liked by Serbian
patriots, are means that have been used daily.
In most cases, the commitment of these means of violence is done through associations,
such as Narodna odbrana' (National defence).
3. Emigration to Albania
At present around 10,000 unfortunate Albanian immigrants are found in Albania in a
difficult situation. The Albanian government has made its maximal efforts to settle these
immigrants, but it is clear that its will solely will not be sufficient to accomplish the
requirements of all those wanting to come here. Albania was forced to refuse entrance
visas to many of them, and that forced them then to seek some other settlement, chiefly in
4. Emigration to Turkey
The number of immigrants in Turkey reaches beyond 130,000. Turkish government made use of
the misfortune of these people and inhabited in this way the deserted regions of Anatolia,
where most of the Albanians have suffered because of the climate and poverty. This real
emigration does not seem to stop until the persecutions that have caused them will stop.
Earlier, 200 Albanian families have gone to Turkey. But in order to get free of the
Albanian element, the government in Belgrade has begun talks with the government in Angora
on expatriation of 300,000 - 400,000 Albanians from Kosova. If that plan has not been yet
accomplished, it has obviously not been done so only due to the fear from the League of
Nations and the world public opinion, that would surely show their astonishment and
5. Emigrants are plundered
To accelerate the emigration to Turkey, Yugoslav circles have made various concessions,
such as the case of a young man of Albanian descent shows, who was released from military
service before time, in order to be able to emigrate with his parents.
That is why the emigration to Albania is not considered a good thing. Yugoslav government
has its clear interest, that all those persecuted and plundered should be placed as far
beyond its border as possible. Due to this reason, thousands of misfortunes are caused to
those wanting to go to their relatives in Albania.
Groups of lawyers and officials have come together to work against the interests of those
unfortunate ones. To get their passports they are ill-treated until they are forced to pay
sums of 4,000 to 5,000 dinars. This amount in some cases presents the whole property of
theirs. The last victims of this anti-human exploitation came to us before our departure
from the country.
a) An Albanian peasant - Muslim, from the village Leshan, district of Peja, had to pay
6,000 dinars tax to the Serbian lawyer, Zonic, in Peja, for his passport.
b) The Serbian lawyer, Ljuba Vuksanovic, from Peja, asked 8,000 dinars from another
Albanian peasant to get his passport, as it was allegedly a very difficult case to get
c) Gegė Meta, a Catholic Albanian, from Shkup, immigrated to Albania. He received the
passports for his wife and son after five months of maltreating and after he paid a bribe
of 2,000 dinars.
We would add that, according to the rules, the common tax for a passport is not higher
than 50 dinars.
6. Forcing Albanians to emigrate so that Montenegrins and Serbs could take their
The Montenegrins and other Slavs are brought from Bosnia, Srem and Banat to the villages
and property confiscated and expropriated from the Albanians that were forced to emigrate.
They are settled on purpose to change the ethnographic picture of the Province. Similar
grafts have been made more or less everywhere and this process has continued with
We are bringing you these places as examples:
a) In the district of Gjakova, the villages: Lugbunar, Piskota, Dubrava, Mali i
Ereshit, Dushinoc, Mali i Vogėl, Fushė Tyrbja, Betesh and Murilum, Negj, etc.
b) In the district of Peja: Fusha e Isniqit, Turjaka, Fusha e Krushecit, Malet e Leēanit,
Krusheva, Vitomirica, etc.
c) The District of Prizren: Fqaju, Gruniqe, Gjergje, Lapova, etc.
It has happened that inhabitants of Albanian descent that had gone away
from their houses for some time, found Slavs in them when they came back.
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