Source: History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War.  United Nations War Crimes Commission. London: HMSO, 1948

 p. 524

SOME NOTEWORTHY WAR CRIMINALS

 III. GENERALS AND SENIOR OFFICERS

(i) Generals convicted in Case No. 7 (Balkan Generals) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings,” which closed at Nuremberg on 19th February, 1948.

General Wilhelm LIST: . . . . . . . . .    Life imprisonment
General Lothar RENDULIC: . . . . . .20 years imprisonment
Lt.-General Walter KUNTZE: . . . . . Life imprisonment
Lt.-General Helmuth FELMY: . . . . . 15 years imprisonment
Lt.-General Hubert LANZ: . . . . . . . . . 7 years imprisonment Lt. General ERNST DEHNER . . . . . .
Lt.-General Ernst von LEYSER: . . . .10 years imprisonment
Lt.-General Wilhelm SPEIDEL: . . . . .20 years imprisonment

Field Marshal von WEICHS, a defendant, was withdrawn from the trial on account of illness. Lt.-General Franz BOEHME, another defendant, committed suicide 30.547.

(ii) Generals arraigned in Case No. 12 (the 13 Generals’ trial) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings,” which opened at Nuremberg on 5th February, 1948. (Still proceeding at time of writing.)

General Wilhelm von LEEB:
General Hugo SPERRLE:
General Georg von KUECHLER:
General Johannes BLASKOWITZ: Committed suicide 5th February, 1948.
General Hermann HOTH
General Hans REINHARDT:
General Hans von SALMUTH:
General Karl HOLLIDT: :
General Karl von ROQUES:
General Hermann REINECKE:
General Walter WARLIMONT:  
General Otto WOEHLER:
General Rudolf LEHMANN:
Admiral SCHNIEWIND.

General ANDRAE:

Former Commander-in-Chief in Crete. Tried by a Greek court at Athens and sentenced to life imprisonment.

General Nicola BELLOMO :

Italian Army. Tried by a British court at Bari in Italy, for killing escaped British officers, prisoners of war, after recapture; sentenced to death 28.7.45; shot on 11.9.45.

Lieut.-General Friedrich BERNHARDT:

Ex-Commander of the German Second Tank Army. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Bryansk on 29.12.45, for atrocities in the Bryansk area, and hanged on that day.

p.525

General Bruno BRAUER:

Former Governor of Crete. Tried by a Greek military court at Athens. Accused of being responsible for the deaths of some 3,000 persons in Crete during the German occupation, also for murders and massacres; systematic terrorism, deportations, pillage, wanton destruction and torture and ill-treatment of civilians. Sentenced to death 9.12.46; shot on 20.5.47.

Lieut.-General Karl BURCKHARDT:

Ex-Commander of the Rear of Sixth Army. Sentenced to death in January, 1946, by a U.S.S.R. tribunal for atrocities committed in the Ukraine, and hanged on the same day.

Major General Peter CRASEMANN:

Former Commander of 26 Panzer Division in Italy. Tried in April, 1947, by a British War Crimes court at Padua for mass executions of Italian inhabitants; sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment.

General DANCKELMANN:

Former Commander-in-chief in Serbia. Tried by a Yugoslav court at Belgrade,! 31.10.47, and sentenced to death.

Major General Karl von DEWITZ KREBS:

Tried by a Russian court at Kishinev in December, 1947, and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment.

General “Sepp" DIETRICH:

Waffen SS. Tried by United States court at Dachau May-July, 1946, for murders of civilians and prisoners of war, in the battle of the Ardennes, winter of 1944-45 (the Malmedy massacre), and sentenced to life imprisonment 11.7.46.

Lieut.-General van DITFURT:

Ex-Commandant of Kursk. Sentenced to death on 3.2.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district, and hanged on the same day.

General Anton DOSTLER:

Former Commander of the 75th German Army Corps. Charged with ordering the summary execution of two officers and 13 enlisted men of the U.S. Forces captured by his troops during a military operation. Tried by a U.S. military court at Caserta, Italy. Found guilty and sentenced to death 12.10.45. Sentence confirmed. Executed 1.12.45.

Kapitanleutnant Heinz ECK, of the German Navy: Ex-Commander of U-Boat 852. Tried by a mixed British and Greek war crimes court at Hamburg 17-20.10.45 for killing survivors of the crew of the steamship “ Peleus.” Found guilty and sentenced to death 20.10.45; sentence confirmed. Executed 23.11.45.

Major General ERMANNSDORF (? ERDMANNSDORF):

Sentenced to death in January, 1946, by a U.S.S.R. tribunal for atrocities committed in Byelorussia; hanged on 6.2.46.

General Nikolaus von FALKENHORST:

Former Commander-in-Chief in Norway. Tried by Mixed British-Norwegian court at Brunswick for handing over captured members of Commandos to the SS. for execution; sentenced to death 2.8.46 (sentence commuted to 20 years’ imprisonment 3.12.46).

General FOEKETHALMY-ZEIDNER:

Former Commander of Fifth Hungarian Army. Tried by a Yugoslav military court for the Novisad massacres, Sentenced to death 31.10.46; executed 5.11.46.

p.526

General Hans FORTNER:

Former Commander of 718th Division. Tried by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade as responsible for murders of Yugoslav civilians. Sentenced to death on 16.2.47; hanged on 27.2.47.

General Kurt GALLENKAMP:

Tried by British military court at Wuppertal in March, 1947, for murders of British parachutists (the “ Poitiers ” case); sentenced to be hanged 25.3.47. Sentence commuted to life imprisonment.

Major General Hans GRAVENSTEIN:

Commander of the 373rd (Tiger) Division. Sentenced to death by a Yugoslav court at Belgrade, 1.4.47.

General Adolf HAMANN (? AMANN):

Ex-Governor of Orel area. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Bryansk 26.12.46 for atrocities in the Bryansk area; hanged the same day.

General Kurt HERZOG:

Tried by a Russian court at Novgorod in December, 1947, and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment.

Lieut.-General Hans von HESSLIN:

Sentenced to death by a Yugoslav war crimes court at Ljubljana on 27.7.47. General JAENECKE:

Tried by a Russian court at Sevastopol25.11.47 and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment.

Ex-Marshal Albert KESSELRING:

Tried by a British court at Venice for being concerned in the massacre of 335 Italians in the Ardeatine caves and other war crimes; sentenced to death on 7.5.47. Sentence commuted to life imprisonment 4.7.47.

General Josef KNEBLER:

Former Commander of 118th Division. Tried by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade for atrocities against civilian population; sentenced to death on 16.2.47; hanged on 27.2.47.

General Herbert KOESTLIN:

Former Chief of Staff 80th Corps. Tried by a British military court at Wuppertal, together with General Gallenkamp (q.v.) for murders of British parachutists (the “ Poitiers ” case); sentenced to life imprisonment 25.3.47 (confirmed 14.5.47). 

Brig.-General Fritz KRAEMER:

Waffen SS; Chief of Staff of Sixth Panzer Army; former acting Commander of 12th SS. Division. Tried by a U.S. war crimes court at Dachau, together with General Sepp DIETRICH (q.v.), for murders of U.S. prisoners of war and civil inhabitants (the Malmedy massacre) in the winter of 194445, and sentenced 11.7.46.

General Ludwig KUEBLER:

Tried by a Yugoslav court at Ljubljana, 27.7.47, and sentenced to death.

General KUEPPER:

Ex-Commandant of Saldas. Sentenced to death on 3.2.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district; hanged on the same day.

General Alexander von LOEHR:

Former Commander of 12th Army in the Balkans; Commander-in-Chief South-East. Tried by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade in February, 1947, as responsible for mass murders of Yugoslav civil inhabitants; sentenced to death 16.2.47; shot 27.2.47.

p.527

General Albert LONCAR:

Former Military Governor of Belgrade. Tried, together with General von Loehr (q.v.) by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade in February, 1947, for atrocities against the Yugoslav civil population. Sentenced to death on 16.2.47; hanged on 27.2.47.

Lieut.-General Hartwig LUDWIGER:

Ex-commander of the 104th Jaeger Regiment. Sentenced to death by a Yugoslav court at Belgrade, on 1.4.47.

General Eberhard von MACKENSEN:

Tried by British war crimes court in Rome, as responsible for the massacre, by way of reprisals, of over 300 Italian civilians in the Ardeatine Caves, near Rome. Sentenced to death by shooting on 30.11.46. (Sentence commuted to life imprisonment 4.7.47.)

General Kurt MAELZER:

Tried by a U.S. military court at Florence, Italy, and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment on 14.9.46 (7 years remitted), for parading U.S. prisoners of war through the streets of Rome. General MAELZER was also tried by a British court and sentenced to death on 30.11.46, together with General von Mackensen (q.v.), for complicity in the Ardeatine Caves massacre. Sentence confirmed, but death penalty commuted to life imprisonment (4.7.47).

Brigadier-General Kurt MEYER:

Former Commander of the 12th SS. Panzer Division. Tried by a Canadian military court at Aurich for inciting his troops to refuse quarter to Canadian soldiers captured in battle. Sentenced to death 28.12.45 (commuted to life imprisonment 15.1.46.)

Air Marshal Erhard MILCH:

Tried by the U.S. No. II Court at Nuremberg, January-April, 1947, for deportations, enslavements and criminal medical experiments on human beings (Crimes against Humanity); sentenced to life imprisonment 17.4.47.

Karl MOEHLE:

Former Commander of 5th U-Boat Flotilla. Tried by a British court at Hamburg in October, 1946, accused of ordering U-Boat commanders to kill survivors of torpedoed ships; sentenced to five years’ imprisonment 16.10.46.

Lieut.-General DEJON von MOTETON:

Ex-Commandant of Liepaja. Sentenced to death on 3.2.46 by a U.S.S.R. war crimes tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district; hanged on the same day.

General Friedrich MUELLER:

Former Military Governor of Crete. Tried by a Greek military court at Athens for massacres of hostages by way of reprisals in Crete; sentenced to death 9.12.46; shot on 20.5.47.

General NEIDHOLT:

Former Commander of 369th Division in the Balkans. Tried by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade, together with General Lohr (q.v.), for massacres of Yugoslav civil inhabitants and other atrocities; sentenced to death 16.2.47; hanged 27.2.47.

Major-General Karl von OBERKAMP:

Former Commander of Prinz Eugen Division. Tried by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade on 27.3.47 for massacres of civilians. Sentenced to death and executed 1.4.47.

Lieut.-General OCHSNER:

I Tried by a Russian court at Bobrinsk, 3.11.47 and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment.

p.528

Major-General PAUL:

Chief of the Rear of the 4th German Army. Sentenced to death on 3.2.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district; hanged on the same day.

General Hermann PRIESS:

Commanding 1st Panzer Corps. Tried by a U.S. war crimes court at Dachau, May-July, 1946, together with General Sepp Dietrich (q.v.), for murders of Belgian civilians and U.S. prisoners of war in the winter of 1944-45 (massacre of Malmedy). Sentenced 1 I .7.46.

General von RAPPARD:

Ex-Commandant of Veliki Luki. Sentenced to death on 31.1.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal of the Leningrad Area for atrocities committed in the Veliki Luki region; hanged on the same day.

Major-General Heinrich REMLINGER:

Ex-Commandant at Pskov. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Leningrad for atrocities in that province. Hanged 5.1.46.

Lieut.-General RICHERT:

Tried in January, 1946, by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Minsk for atrocities committed in Byelorussia; sentenced to death; hanged on 6.2.46.

Hellmuth von RUCKTESCHELL:

Commander of raider “ Schiff 21.” Sentenced to 10 years imprisonment (commuted to 7 years’) by a British war crimes court in Germany, 215.47.

Lieut-General RUFF:

Ex-Commandant of Riga. Tried by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district; sentenced to death on 3.2.46, and hanged on the same day.

Major-General Josef RUPPRECHT:

Tried by a Russian court at Novgorod in December, 1947, and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment.

General SCHATOW (? SCHARTOW):

Tried by a Russian court at Poltava and sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment, 25.11.47.

General August SCHMIDT:

Former Commander of the Waffen SS. Prinz Eugen Division No. 7. Tried in February, 1947, together with General LOEHR (q.v.) by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade, for atrocities against the Yugoslav civil popula-tion; sentenced to death on 16.2.47, and hanged on 27.2.47.

General August SCHMIDT:

Ex-commandant of Luftgau VI. Sentenced to life imprisonment by a British military court in November, 1947, in connection with the transmission of orders for the killing of Allied airmen.

General SEEGERS:

Former Commander-in-Chief of Alsace. Tried by a British military court at Wuppertal in connection with murders of British and French parachutists; sentenced to three years’ imprisonment on 11.7.46. Sentence confirmed 4.1.47.

Lieut-General Max SIMON:

Former Commander of 16 SS Division in Italy. Tried by a British military court at Padua on six charges of massacres of Italian civilians; sentenced to death 26.6.47.

p.529

General Otto von STULPNAGEL:

Ex-Governor of Greater Paris. Committed suicide in prison in Paris, 6th February, 1948, to avoid trial.

General Ferenc SZOMBATHELY:

Former Hungarian Chief of Staff. Tried by a Yugoslav military court for the Novi Sad massacres. Sentenced to death 31.10.46; executed 5.11.46.

Major-General von TSCHAMMER und OSTEN:

Sentenced to death in January, 1946, by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Kiev for atrocities committed in the Ukraine; hanged on the same day.

Major-General WERTHER:

Ex-Commander of the Coastal district. Sentenced to death on 3.2.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Riga for atrocities committed in that district; hanged on the same day.

Lieut.-General Hermann WINKLER:

Ex-Commandant of Nikolayev. Sentenced to death on 17.1.46 by a U.S.S.R. tribunal at Nikolayev for atrocities committed in that region; hanged ,on the same day.

Major-General K. WOLF.

Tried in March, 1947, by a British military court at Brunswick (" the Blechammer case “) for exposing British prisoners of war to air raids; sentenced on 25.3.47 to seven years’ imprisonment. (Sentence confirmed 24.5.47.)

 

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Last Updated 29/01/07 18:47:05
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Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science