Source: History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War.  United Nations War Crimes Commission. London: HMSO, 1948

SOME NOTEWORTHY WAR CRIMINALS

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V. SS AND GESTAPO OFFICIALS

(i) High SS officials convicted in Case No. 4 (” W.V.H.A.” trial) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings ” which was concluded at Nuremberg on 3rd November, 1947.

Oswald POHL ....................................death.
Georg LOERNER .......... ..................death.
Franz EIRENSCHMALZ ..................death.
Karl SOMER .....................................death.
August FRANK .......... . . ...................life imprisonment.
Max KIEFER .....................................life imprisonment.
Hermann POOK .................................life imprisonment.
Karl MUMMENTHEY .....................life imprisonment.
Heinz FANSLAU ...............................25 years imprisonment.
Hans BOBERMIN ...........................20 years imprisonment.
Hans LQERNER ............ .................10 years imprisonment.
Erwin TSCHENTSCHER .................10 years imprisonment.
Hans HOHBERG .............................10 years imprisonment.
Hans BAIER.. ...... ............................10 years imprisonment.
Leo VOLK .........................................10 years imprisonment.

(ii) SS officials convicted in the Stalag Luft III trial held before a British Military Court at Hamburg, 1st July to 3rd September, 1947.

Emil SCHULZ ..........................death
Alfred SCHIMMEL . . .... .......death
Josef GMEINER .....................death
Walter HERBERG ..................death
Otto PREISS ............................death
Heinrich BOSCHERT .............death
Emil WEIL ................................death
Eduard GEITH .........................death
Hans KAHLER ........................death
Oskar SCHMIDT ....................death
Johann SCHNEIDER ..............death
Johannes POST ........................death
Walter JACOBS .......................death
Erich ZACHARIAS . . . . . . ......death
Max WIELEN ...........................life imprisonment
Walter BREITHAUPT ..............life imprisonment
Artur DENKMANN ........ . ......10 years imprisonment
Wilhelm STRUVE .....................10 years imprisonment

The death sentences, except that on Boschert which was commuted to life imprisonment, were executed in February, 1948.

(iii) Higher SS officials arraigned in Case No. 8 (Resettlement trial) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings ” which opened at Nuremberg on 1st July, 1947. (StilI proceeding at time of writing.) Ulrich GREIFELT; Rudolf CREUTZ; Konrad MEYER-HETLING; Otto SCHWARZEN-BERGER; Herbert HUEBNER; Werner LORENZ; Heinz BRUECKNER; Otto HOFMANN; Richard HILDEBRANDT; FRITZ SCHWALM; MAX SOLLMANN; GREGOR EBNER; Guenther TESCH; Inge VIERMETZ.

(iv) Higher SS officials arraigned in Case No. 9 (Einsatzgruppen trial) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings ” which opened at Nuremberg on 3rd July, 1947. (Still proceeding at time of writing.)

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Otto OHLENDORF; Heinz JOST; Erich NAUMANN; Otto RASCH; Erwin SCHULZ; Franz SIX; Paul BLOBEL; Walter BLUME; Martin SANDBERGER; Willy SEIBERT; Ernst BIBERSTEIN; Gustav NOSSKE; Adolf OTT; Emil HAUSSMAN; Lothar FENDLER; Felix RUEHL; Heinz SCHUBERT; Mathias GRAF; Eugen STEIMLE; Werner BRAUNE; Walter HAENSCH; Edvard STRAUCH; Waldemar KLINGELHOEFER. Emil HAUSSMAN committed suicide after being arraigned.

Richard BRUNS, (Kriminal Sekretar) and two others:

Tried by a Norwegian court (Lagmannsraett) for murders and torture, on 20.3.46. All the defendants were found guilty and sentenced to death by shooting. The sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court of Norway.

DAUME, Police Chief in Warsaw:

Sentenced to death by the Supreme Polish Court, together with Ludwig FISCHER (q.v.) on 3.3.47; hanged at Warsaw 8.3.47.

ECKELEN, Police General SS:

Former SS Chief in the Baltic territory. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. military court at Riga; hanged 3.2.46.

August FLASCHE: Police President at Aachen. Oberfuhrer, SS. Sentenced to 10 years imprisonment by a British war crimes court in Germany, 16.9.46.

Siegfried FEHMER:

Leading official of Security Police in occupied Norway. Tried by a Norwegian tribunal at Oslo in June, 1947, for torturing Norwegians under interrogation. Sentenced to death 28.6.47.

FUCHS: SS General. Gestapo official in Serbia. Tried with General MEYSSNER (q.v.) by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade; sentenced to death 22.12.46; executed 24.1.47.

Reinhard GERLACH: Gestapo Chief of Litija in Slovenia. Tried in July, 1947, by a Yugoslav military court at Ljubljana, together with RAINER (q.v.) for atrocities against civil inhabitants. Sentenced to death 21.7.47. Hanged.

Richard GLUECKS: Gruppenführer SS. Head of Amtsgruppe D. in W.V.H.A. Inspector General of concentration camps. Charged as a war criminal. (Committed suicide after the capitulation of Germany to avoid trial.)

Kurt HANS: Head of the Criminal Police at Wursburg. Tried by a U.S. war crimes court at Dachau for complicity in the murders of Allied pilots. Sentenced to be hanged 10.5.47.

HERF: Police General SS. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. military court at Minsk; hanged on 6.2.46.

Friedrich HOLBORN: Kriminal Kommissar. Chief of Gestapo at Hagen. Sentenced to death by a British war crimes court in Germany, 17.9.46.

Franz Otto HOLSTEIN, (and 23 members of the SD and the Gestapo of Dijon):

Tried by a Permanent Military French Tribunal at Dijon for complicity in murders and pillage; 22 of the defendants were found guilty; some of them, including HOLSTEIN, were sentenced to death.

p.532

Erich ISSELHORST:

Police Chief; Gestapo Chief in Alsace. Sentenced to death by a British military court at Wuppertal on 11.7.46, handed over to the French for trial on other counts; sentenced to death by a French military court on 17.5.47. (Sentence confirmed 4.1.47)

Karl Hans KLINGE: Tried by a Norwegian court for torturing Norwegian citizens; sentenced to death 27.2.46.

Helmut KNOCHEN: Head of the Security Police in France under Carl Oberg. Tried at Wuppertal on 7.3.47 by a British military court for murders of British parachutists. Sentenced to death by hanging 12.3.47. (Sentence confirmed 13.4.47.) (KNOCHEN was handed over to the French, after sentence, for trial on other charges; has not yet been put on trial in France (1.7.47).)

Josef MEISINGER: SS Gestapo Chief in Poland. Sentenced to death on 3.3.47 by the Supreme Court at Warsaw, together with Ludwig FISCHER; hanged on 8.3.47.

MEYSSNER (MEISSNER): SS General; Gestapo Chief in Serbia. Sentenced to death by a Yugoslav military court at Belgrade on 22.12.46; executed 24.1.47.

Bruno MULLER: Chief of Gestapo, Wilhelmshaven. Sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment by a British war crimes court in Germany, 9.12.47.

Karl NUSSBERGER: Chief of Security Police, Gaggenau. Sentenced to death by a British war crimes court at Wupperthal for the murders of prisoners of war, 10.5.46.

Carl A. OBERG: Police General; SS Leader and head of the Gestapo in occupied France. Sentenced to death by a British court at Wuppertal on 11.7.46 for murders of British parachutists in the Vosges. (OBERG was then handed over to the French for trial, but has not yet been tried.) Sentence confirmed 4.1.47.

Wilhelm REDIESS: SS. Obergruppenfiihrer. Chief SS and Police Leader in occupied Norway. Charged as a war criminal by Norway. (Committed suicide after the capitulation of Germany to avoid trial and punishment.)

Erwin ROESENER: Police General. SS and Police Leader in Wehrkreis XVIII and in Slovenia. Sentenced to death by a Yugoslav court; hanged on 4.9.46.

SANDNER: Obersturmftihrer SS. Chief of Security Police in the Nikolayev region. Sentenced to death by the U.S.S.R. Military Court in the Odessa district; hanged on 17.1.46. Police General SS. Police Chief in the Kiev region. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. military court at Kiev; hanged in January, 1946.

p.533

Walter SCHMITT:

Obergruppenfiihrer SS. Tried by the People’s Court, Prague, for crimes committed in concentration camps, Mauthausen, Schlossenburg, Ravensbriick, Sachsenhausen and other places; sentenced to be hanged 18.9.45.

Karl SCHONGARTH:

SS Oberbrigadefiihrer; Police General. Sentenced to death by a British war crimes court in Germany (Enschede case) 11.2.46.

Richard SCHULZ:

Former high official in the Berlin Police Department. Tried by a U.S. war crimes court at Dachau for complicity in the murders of Allied pilots. Sentenced to be hanged 10.547.

Jurgen STROOP: Police General. Former SS Leader in Greece and Poland. Sentenced to death by a U.S. military court at Dachau on 22.3.47. Reserved for trial in Poland for the massacre in the Warsaw Ghetto and on other counts.

Wilhelm Arthur WAGNER:

Head of Section IV (b) of the Security Police in Norway. Tried bv a Norwegian (Lagmannsret) court in October. 1946. for the deportation and inhumane ‘treatment of jews. Sentenced to death; sentence commuted to life imprisonment by the Norwegian Supreme Court, 30.4.47.

Prince Josias WALDECK-PYRMONT:

Police General. Sentenced to life imprisonment by a U.S. military court at Dachau, 13X.47, for atrocities in Buchenwald camp.

WITZLER: Police General SS. Chief of Security Police. Sentenced to death by a U.S.S.R. military court at Nikolayev; hanged on 17.1.46.

 

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