Source: History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War.  United Nations War Crimes Commission. London: HMSO, 1948

SOME NOTEWORTHY WAR CRIMINALS

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VI. MEDICAL WAR CRIMINALS

(i) Doctors and officials convicted in Case No. 1 (The 23 Doctors and Scientists) in the “ Subsequent Proceedings ” which opened in Nuremberg in December, 1946.

Hermann BECKER-FREYSMG:
Chief of Aviation Medicine Department. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Wilhelm BEIGELBACK:
Consulting Physician to Luftwaffe. Sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment.

Victor BRACK:
Senior official in the Fiihrer’s Chancery. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Karl BRANDT:
Reich Commissioner for Health. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Fritz FISCHER:
Medical officer at Hohenlucken. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Karl GERHARDT:
Personal physician to HIMMLER. Sentenced to death by hanging.

p.534

Karl GENZKEN:
Chief of Waffen SS Medical Service. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Siegfried HANDLOSER:
Chief of Army Medical Service. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Waldemar HOVEN:
Chief doctor at Buchenwald concentration camp. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Joachim MRUGOWSKY:
Chief of Hygienic Institute Waffen SS. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Herta OBERHAUSER:
Female physician at Ravensbrtick camp. Sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment.

Helmut POPPENDICK:
Senior medical official of SS. Sentenced to 10 years imprisonment.

Gerhard ROSE:
Chief of Tropical Medicine Department. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Oskar SCHROEDER:
Chief Inspector of Luftwaffe Medical Service. Sentenced to life imprisonment.

Wolfram SIEVERS:
Manager of the Ahnerbe, racial investigation society. Sentenced to death by hanging.

Heinz BAUMKETTER:
Camp physician in Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Tried by a Russian court in November, 1947, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Dr. BESSIN:
Sentenced to imprisonment by a Military Government Court at Hamburg, under Law No. 10, for sterilisation of hospital inmates 7.12.46.

Dr. Helmuth BOCK:
Doctor at the Luneberg hospital. Tried and sentenced to death by a Yugoslav court at Belgrade 5.11.46.

Dr. Leonardo CONTI:
Reich Health Leader. Responsible for medical experiments on internees. Committed suicide at Nuremberg after arrest to avert trial, October, 1945.

Dr. Richard DEMMERICH:
Medical officer to the Velpke baby farm. Tried by a British military court at Brunswick for killing Polish children by wilful neglect; found guilty 3.4.46, and sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment. Sentence confirmed.

Dr. GUNTHER: Sentenced to imprisonment by a Military Government Court at Hamburg, under Law 10, for sterilisation of hospital inmates, 7.12.46.

Dr. L. HARDT:
Tried by a German court at Dresden for the murder of inmates of a mental home at Sonnenstein, and sentenced to be hanged 10.7.47. (Committed suicide.)

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Dr. HELLINGER: Camp dentist in Ravensbrtick Women’s camp. Sentenced to 10 years imprisonment by a British military court at Hamburg 3.2.47.

Dr. Professor HINSELMANN:
Sentenced to imprisonment by a Military Government Court at Hamburg, under Law No. 10, for sterilisation of hospital inmates 7.12.46.

Dr. HINTERMAYER:
Concerned in medical experiments for the Luftwaffe upon inmates of the Dachau concentration camp. Sentenced to death by a U.S. court at Dachau 12.12.45.

KATZENELLENBOGEN:
Physician in Buchenwald camp. Sentenced to life imprisonment by a U.S. military court at Dachau 13.8.47, for atrocities in Buchenwald camp.

Dr. KLEIN:
Belsen concentration camp physician. Sentenced to death by a British court at Luneburg 17.11.45. Hanged at Hamelin 13.12.46.

Alphons KLEIN, SS:
Administrator of the Hadamar Mental Asylum. Tried by a U.S. war crimes court at Wiesbaden, October, 1945, for killing Russian and Polish inmates by injections. Sentenced to be hanged 15.10.46. Sentence commuted to death by shooting.

Dr. Hans KORBEL:
Sentenced to death by a British military court 24.6.46 for killing, by neglect, children of foreign slave workers. Executed 7.3.47.

Dr. KREBSBACH:
Mauthausen concentration camp physician. Tried by a U.S. military court at Dachau for atrocities against internees in March-April, 1946; hanged 27.5.47.

Dr. LOLLING:
Head of Medical Services of the “ WVHA ” (Administrative service of the concentration camps). Responsible for authorising medical experiments on internees. (Committed suicide to avoid trial, 1945.)

Dr. Paul NITSCHE: Tried by a German court at Dresden for the murder of inmates of the mental home at Sonnenstein. Sentenced to be hanged 10.7.47.

Dr. Siegbert RASMAUER:
Camp doctor of Loibl Pass camp (sub-camp of Mauthausen). Sentenced to life imprisonment by a British war crimes court at Klagenfurt, Austria. 10.10.47.

Werner ROHDE: Camp doctor at Natzweiler camp. Tried by a British military court at Wuppertal for killing by injections Allied nationals interned in the camp; hanged 11.10.46.

Dr. ROSENTHAL:
SS doctor in Ravensbrtick Women’s camp. Sentenced to death by a British court at Hamburg on 3.2.47, and hanged 3.5.47.

Dr. SCHIDLANSKI:
Camp doctor in Ravensbrück Women’s camp. Sentenced to death by hanging by British war crimes court at Hamburg on 3.2.47. Executed 3.5.47.

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Dr. SCHILLING:
Malaria expert. Camp physician at Dachau. Tried by a U.S. military court at Dachau and sentenced to death 13.12.45. Hanged 29.5.46.

Dr. Heinrich SCHMITZ:
Camp doctor in Flossenburg camp. Tried by a U.S. court at Dachau on 16th December, 1947, and sentenced to death.

Ulrich SCHNAPPAUP:
Prison doctor, Fuhlsbuttel prison. Sentenced to 12 years imprisonment by a British war crimes court at Hamburg, 24.9.47.

Dr. Gunther SCHULZ:
Doctor at the Luneburg hospital. Tried and sentenced to death by a Yugoslav court at Belgrade 5.11.46.

Dr. Percy TREITE:
Camp doctor at Ravensbrtick Women’s Camp, charged with medical experiments on inmates. Sentenced to death by a British court at Hamburg 3.247. (Committed suicide after conviction.)

 

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