[Please Note: This file is currently being checked, revised and expanded. It is hoped to complete the work within a few days. Apologies for any inconvenience. Stuart Stein, 09 February, 1999]
An Aushwitz Alphabet The site is maintained by Jonathan Blument of New York. It consists basically of a relatively short glossary of terms [eg. Block 10, Doctors, Musselmanner, Selections, Victims] relating to the Holocaust with brief annotations, and graphic images where appropriate. Also, a few other files, including an interview with Ken McVay who manages the Nizkor project. For those with some knowledge of the Holocaust the site will be found to be a bit elementary and insufficiently comprehensive, albeit useful for some information about basics.
36 Questions About the Holocaust Basic questions about the Holocaust in the FAQ (frequently asked questions) idiom, from the Simon Wisenthal Center. The questions are ordered in three files, the link above is to the first. The following is indicative of the type of question posed and answered: "How many Jews were murdered during the Holocaust? ", "How many Jews were murdered in each country and what percentage of the pre-war Jewish population did they constitute?", and "What does the term "Final Solution" mean and what is its origin?" There are links from this file to the others and to the Simon Wisenthal Home Page, which is also worth browsing through.
A View from the
Heartland. This was the name of a documentary programme screened in the
United States which inquired about the knowledge that residents in Illinois during the
nineteen-thirties had about the policies being applied in the Third Reich to its Jewish
residents and citizens. The pages have been arranged by Jack Kelly, who directed the
documentary. The conclusion, basically, was that with the exception of one crusading
newspaper, most people were simply too preoccupied with the depression to devote much
attention to matters taking place abroad. The complete script is available online.
Documentary Resources on the Nazi Genocide and its Denial. This is a link to a French based Web presentation which includes a number of articles focused on issues relating to revisionism and the Holocaust. The main page lists articles available on this server, most of which are in French. Some of those of interest available in English translation relate to the so-called Faurrison affair. (See the article by Nadine Fresco, The Denial of the Dead: On the Faurrison Affair.) In the late seventies, Faurrison, then an assistant professor at the University of Lyon, had published an article, in Le Monde, where he concluded that "The nonexistence of 'gas chambers' is good news for poor humanity. Good news that it would be wrong to keep hidden any longer." Some of the other articles in English analyse general issues and implications relating to revisionist theses. Available also, in English, is George Steiner's In Bluebeard's Castle, the availability of which would be excuse enough to visit this site where there not other excellent materials available there as well.
FAQs by Category: Holocaust . These files provide detailed information in the form of syntheses of materials which appeared in Newsgroups on particular subjects. The files which are of primary interest are the two focusing on Auschwitz, and the two on the Operation Reinhard camps of Belzec, Treblinka and Sobibor. These documents provide detailed and useful information on these killing installations. They are much more useful on these particular subjects than the FAQ mentioned above located on the Simon Wisenthal server.
Genocide: Resources for Teaching and Research This project is jointly maintained by the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Memphis, and the Crime, Law and Justice Program of the Department of Sociology at Pennsylvania State University. The resources provided:
Generally, this is a well organised presentation which should be found very useful by anyone with an interest in an overview of the subject of genocide or in specific case studies of mass man-made killings.
H-German Home Page Home Page of the Humanities-Net German mailing list. From this page there is access to the monthly logs of exchanges on the list, a minority of which include items relating to the Third Reich, fascism, Nazism and related issues. Probably of greater immediate interest are the Book Reviews which can be accessed by year of review, 1995 to the present, arranged either by title or author. These include a significant proportion dealing with issues relating directly or etiologically to the period 1933-1945. There are also some separate files of exchanges relating to Goldhagen's book on Hitler's Willing Executioners, and Finkelstein and Birn's A Nation on Trial.
H-Holocaust H-Holocaust, one of the H-Net series of mailing lists, is the main Internet mailing list for discussion of issues relating to the destruction of European Jewry, with 1515 subscribers, 28 January 1999. The debates on this list sometimes get very heated and the volume of messages per day can be substantial. However, if you want to keep abreast of current debates and interests in this field, this is the list to subscribe to. The Web Home Page of the list provides access to the logs of previous messages, extending bask to April 1993. As I have argued elsewhere (S D Stein, Learning, Teaching and Researching on the Internet: A Practical Guide for Social Scientists, Addison, Wesley, Longman, 1999, chapter 11), this in itself is a very valuable resource. It also provides users with the opportunity of being appraised of current debates without having to subscribe to the list. The Home Page also provides access to some links to other sites, to some reviews of books, some of which are reproduced on the Genocide Web Documentation Centre server, and to some professional papers. In short, even if you do not want to subscribe to the list, its exchanges are worth monitoring from time to time.
Holocaust and Holocaust Denial Archives. Israeli government gopher. The files contain a variety of materials, including oral testimonies, relevant excerpts from books and articles about the Holocaust, some excerpts from the Nuremberg laws, excerpts from documented interrogations of Treblinka SS personnel, a folder on the Einsatzgruppen, material relating to the deportations, and on Operation Reinhard, this being excerpts from Yitzhak Arad's work on the subject. Although there are some useful snippets of information at this site, it is not coherently organized, and the information is rather sketchy. No overall picture of the Holocaust can be gleaned from the information provided. In fact, one can only say, given that this is an official Israeli government gopher server, that this is rather a pathetic effort in relation to an event of such historic significance, especially from a country which claims to represent the interests, not only of the majority of Israeli citizens, but also of world Jewry.
Literature of the Holocaust. Web presentation compiled and maaged by Professor Al Filries. Files associated with the Literature and Holocaust course at University of Pennsylvania. Deal with a variety of issues, including bibliographies, revisionism, rescuers, museums, Christianity and anti-Semitism, collaboration, excerpts from books, Holocaust and fascism, anti-Semitism. There is a reference to a holocaust and fascism archive, available through telnet freenet.Victoria.bc.ca (maybe in capitals) login guest, select 7, Government Building, from the menu. Included among the files is the English translation of the minutes of the Wannsee Conference. A useful resource.
Holocaust Glossary. A glossary of programmes, names, and terms associated with the Holocaust, compiled by the Simon Wisenthal Center. A useful collection, and there are links from particular entries to other resources relating to the entry. Probably worth while downloading and keeping on disk for reference purposes for those reading holocaust courses.
Holocaust Materials. A collection of materials relating to the Holocaust compiled and organised by Ken McVay. This is a somewhat haphazardly arranged assembly of materials that include some brief biographical details about some camps (Maidanek, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka), and individuals (Mengele, Himmler, Stangl, Seyss-Inquart) and issues (gas vans, the Institute of Historical Review, the Leuchter Report). The latter, the Leuchter Report is a somewhat notorious document compiled by a self-proclaimed expert who claims to have established scientifically, by an on-site investigation, that the claimed numbers of Jews killed at Auschwitz is greatly exaggerated.
Holocaust Time-Line. Part of the I*EARN Holocaust/Genocide Project. "The Holocaust/Genocide Project (HGP) is an international, nonprofit, telecommunications effort (Grades 7-12) focusing on the study of the Holocaust. The HGP has participating schools in several countries -- including the United States, Israel, Australia, Germany, Poland, Cambodia, Argentina, Romania, and Russia." Among other resources available from this page is access to the student produced magazine "An end to Intolerance",which includes articles written by the participants on various issues, including their reactions to visits to Yad Vashem and Poland. The magazine is found at: http://www.igc.apc.org/iearn/hgp/aeti/student-magazine.html and gopher://gopher.igc.apc.org:7009/11/end-to-intolerance An interesting example of the use of computer mediated communication on an international basis at secondary school level, with some relevant materials for students of the Holocaust at undergraduate/college level. See also, on this server, Destruction of European Jewry Explanatory Timeline
When Heaven's Vault Cracked: Zagreb Memories. A personal memoir by Zdenka Novak: " I decided to write the story of my life, focusing on the Holocaust, something I had long been thinking about. I had hesitated for a long time and had no courage to do it. I knew that this would mean the opening of old wounds, the revival of painful feelings, the recalling of afflicting memories. Nevertheless, I considered it my duty to write these memoirs, to serve as a document for the coming generations, and as a warning to avoid a repetition of such tragedies." Lengthy.
IDEA Issue #2 (May 1996). An electronic journal of articles, stories and reviews dedicated to discussion and exploration of psychosocial aspects of cults, totalism, autocracy, war, genocide and holocaust. The second edition includes an article by Fanita English "Masters and Slaves: The Tragedy of Jonestown," and "Autocratic Power" by Alan Jacobs.
Index of /hypertext/faq/usenet/holocaust/auschwitz/ FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)about Auschwitz. Includes information on the most notorious extermination camp, which was also one of the largest concentration and labour camp complexes, and one in which the greatest number of Jews, and gypsies, as well as others, were exterminated in gas chambers. The document is in two parts. A useful source of information on the camp in electronic format.
Links to Other Sites on Holocaust and Genocide A page from the I*Earn project mentioned above, this is a compilation of links to other sites dealing with the Holocaust, Genocide, Anti-Semitism and Racism, and Human Rights. There are some useful links here, see particularly those relating to the Armenian and Cambodian genocide's, and the Nanjing massacre, an event which rarely receives the attention that its victims deserve. There is also material relating to Rwanda and Bosnia, but it is extremely limited and some of the most important sites available on the Internet are not, in my opinion, included. The section on human rights is paltry in relation to what is available, and, once again, the selection is unusually idiosyncratic. [For a wider selection of resources and commentary see the document Internet resources on Human Rights
Louisiana Holocaust Survivors A collection of testimonies of local Holocaust survivors, some of which are quite detailed. Rather heavy on graphic backgrounds (when last seen) which lead to lengthy download times, and make it difficult to read the text. Probably best to save as an htm. file and load into browser.
Nazi manipulation of Language Scholarly article by Wolfgang Mieder on "Proverbial Manipulation in Hitler's Mein Kampf" which appeared in De Proverbio, An Electronic Journal of International Proverb Studies, Vol 1, No.l, 1995. University of Tasmania.
Nizkor Home Page Nizkor, is the Hebrew for `we shall remember'. The Web presentation is a `collage' of different projects which focus on the Holocaust and the denial of the Holocaust. This page includes links to the most extensive collection of files on the Internet relating to the Holocaust. As of June 1996, the ftp site had 3712 files whose size collectively was approximately 200MB. The ftp address is ftp://nizkor.iam.uni-bonn.de/pub/nizkor. It will usually be considerably faster to download files through an ftp client than through the Web browser.
The HWEB Project. This is another component of the Nizkor Project. It involves transforming the files available at the ftp site into Web pages with hypertext links. The files are being converted with automatic programs into html. The documents are divided into a number of categories: Camps, Documents, Organizations, People, Places, and IMT. A few are already accessible across the Web from this site. For the most part, however, it is best to use the ftp site for documents.
The Revisionist Usenet Experience. Part of the Nizkor Project. This page provides answers relating to what has been referred to as `revisionism', which otherwise translates literally as `holocaust denial.' Revisionists are those who deny that the Jewish Holocaust, in the sense of a deliberate policy of mass extermination, took place, or that the fatalities were as extensive as have been documented, or, were undertaken by the procedures specified by Holocaust historians. One of their particular objections is to the notion that large numbers of Jews were exterminated in gassing facilities.. There are links here to the home pages of persons who regard themselves as revisionists. The concept is explained.
Per Anger. Page
dedicated to exploration of life and rescuing work of Per Anger who assisted Raoul
Wallenberg in rescuing the Jews of Budapest.
Raoul Wallenberg. This Swedish site contains information on Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who saved tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest toward the end of the Second World War. Includes links to other sites.
Responses to the Holocaust: A Hypermedia Sourcebook for the Humanities ranges widely over various issues relating to the destruction of European Jewry. Put together by Robert Leventhal of the Department of German, University of Virginia, it is:
The objectives are commendable,and the execution in some sections is interesting and varied. The individual who knows little about these matters will be able to accumulate some general knowledge about the Holocaust. However, this project seems to have languished for some time without any major additions. Also, the guide is far from being pedagogically acute. Although hypermedia offers the opportunity for non-linear learning, randomized wanderings can be even less fulfilling in the long run than traditional texts..
The Angel Was a Spy. This is a report from U.S.News OnLine, 13/05/96. Report suggests that Wallenberg worked as a spy for US Intelligence,and may still be alive. Not clear when report dates from. Site last modified May 1996. (Site visited, November 2, 1996) There are links to Rescuers and Holocaust related issues from this page.
Testimony of SS Personnel excerpted from books and trial testimonies, although primarily from Yiszhak Arad's Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Camps, and E Klee, W Dressen and V Riess The Good Old Days. Worth looking at if you do not have time to read the original source material.
THE HOLOCAUST PAGE. A variety of holocaust related materials collated by Ben S Austin. Various Articles relating to different phases of the Holocaust, and links to other sources. A good site.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Links to text of the Protocols and commentary on it.
The materials are cross linked to other relevant documents. Database records contain information relating to the location of the document, provenance of the document, the language in which it is written, related materials, extensiveness of the transcript, and its arrangement (eg., chronological).
Rescuers From the Holocaust. Unpublished book by Ellen-Land Weber on six rescuers and their stories, accompanied by narratives of the nine people whom they rescued. Accompanied by contemporary photographs. Lengthy.
Salvation of Bulgarian
Jewry During WW II Selection of excerpts from various sources, including Hannah
Arendt, Martin Gilbert and Christo Boyadjieff, relating to the experiences of
Bulgarian Jewry during the Second World War. Although the exceprts are not lengthy they
are a necessary and useful reminder of the fact that the Bulgarian population and its
monarch, Boris III, strenuously resisted attempts by the emissaries of the Third Reich to
deal with that which the Bulgarian population did not consider was a problem, its Jewish
population. There is also a resumé
of an international symposium that took place on the role played by different segments of
Bulgarian society in opposing German demands relating to its Jewish population.
Documents: Various This gopher site includes a number of
documents relating to Holocaust issues. Most focus on the extermination camps (Belzec,
Sobibor, Aushwitz, and Treblinka. There are also two files (Leuchter Report 1and 2) that
contest claims made by revisionists that European Jews were not exterminated in gas
chambers at Auschwitz, and very brief biographical type details on some leading Nazi
extermination camp functionaries.
The Stroop Report: The Warsaw Ghetto is no More: This is the report compiled by Jurgen Stroop, SS-Brigadefuehrer and Major general of Police, who was charged by Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, with the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto following the uprising that took place there in 1943.
The status of the links below is uncertain. They worked previously and are currently being checked.
Auschwitz-Birkenau. A brief chronology of important stages in the history of this death camp.
ESS Home Page