Distribution of the Jewish Population in Various
Source. World Jewish Congress Submission
to the London Conference on Nazi Gold
In Yugoslavia, where Jews represented 0.5% of the population, its occupational distribution in 1930 was as follows:
|In Czechoslovakia, where the Jews represented 2.4% of the
total population, the percentages of Jews and non-Jews engaged in gainful occupations
(without agriculture), were as follows:
Among the Jews in Czechoslovakia, 56.1% were proprietors of business enterprises, independent professionals or persons of independent means, as compared with 32.5% among the non-Jewish population. Among gainfully employed Jews, 20.8% were salaried employees; among non-Jews, 7.8%. Wage earners constituted 23.1% of persons gainfully employed as against 60.1% of non-Jews.
In Hungary the Jews formed about 5.1% of the total population (1930), but constituted different ratios in various economic branches:
The occupational distribution of the Jewish and non-Jewish population in 1930 was as follows:
In Poland where the Jewish population came to 9.8%, the occupational structure of the Jews and non-Jews engaged in gainful occupations in 1931 was as follows:
|In Romania, where the Jews represented 4.2% of the total
population, the professional structure of the Jews and non-Jews engaged in gainful
occupations (without agriculture) was as follows:
The occupational distribution of the Jewish population in Germany differed considerably from that of the total German population. This is evident from the following figures on the occupational distribution of the Jewish population and the total number of gainfully employed persons as of June 16, 1933.
The social position of the Jews in the various economic branches was also different from that of the total population. Only 16.4% of the total of German gainfully employed persons were independent, but 46% among the Jews. The figures for employees (white collar workers) were 12.5% and 33.5% respectively, and for manual workers 46.3% and 8.7% respectively. The Jews were better represented in the liberal professions than the average population, e.g., while the Jews constituted 0.74% of all gainfully employed persons, their proportion in the total number of physicians, lawyers and notaries public, and dentists was 10.8%, 16.25% and 8.59% respectively.
In Austria out of 191, 481 professing Jews (1934), 176,034 lived in Vienna. Their occupational distribution was as follows:
Document compiled by Dr S D Stein